Home / Environmental News / “Alarming” — For the First Time Ever, Bees Added to the Endangered Species List

“Alarming” — For the First Time Ever, Bees Added to the Endangered Species List

“If the bee disappears from the surface of the earth, man would have no more than four years to live.” — Albert Einstein (allegedly)

On September 22 we reported that the rusty-patched bumblebee was proposed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to be listed as an endangered species. This is a wake-up call to the problem of habitat destruction and pesticide use – particularly neonicotinoid pesticides – as this native bee is the first in the continental U.S. to be formally proposed for endangered species listing. However, as bees are concerned, that was just the tip of the iceberg.

While the plight of the bumblebee is finally getting the attention it deserves, other native bees are on a fast track to extinction and have already been declared endangered.

On September 30, for the first time ever, bees were put on the Endangered Species list.

Seven species of Hawaiian yellow-faced bee in the genus Hylaeus, once the most abundant insects on the tropical islands, are now so scarce that they one of the state’s least observed pollinators.

“What we saw was really alarming—the bees were doing a lot worse than we thought,” says Cynthia King, an entomologist with Hawaii’s Division of Forestry and Wildlife.

The Xerces Society, a nonprofit group dedicated to protecting invertebrates and their habitats, submitted a petition in 2010 to protect the seven yellow-faced bee species, so named for a golden mark on between the males’ eyes.

These tiny, beautiful creatures are critically important to the pollination of native flowering plants and the unique island ecosystems of Hawaii. Over millions of years, the bees and certain flowers have evolved specialized plant-pollinator interactions where both organisms derive benefits. If the bees disappear, certain flowering plants can disappear too and this has a domino effect in the ecosystem.

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The yellow-faced bees have also evolved curious nesting behaviors.

“To figure out the life cycle of this little-seen insect, University of Hawai’i entomologist Jason Graham has studied—for the first time—where H. anthracinus lives and nests on Honolulu’s Ka Iwi coast and in the James Campbell National Wildlife Refuge on the North Shore.

He found that the bees like to nest in holes in coral rocks that have washed ashore or in the hollow stems of a few coastal plants. After laying eggs, females seal the holes with a type of waterproof cellophane.”

But island inhabitants are especially susceptible to invasive species, such as rival Hylaeus bees from India, and ants – which were previously unknown to Hawaii. The ants make an easy meal of yellow-faced bee nests, which have evolved no protections from these voracious opportunists.

The endangered species listing is sure to accelerate efforts to protect the native bees, such as artificial nest boxes that keep ants out and placing them in areas where bees no longer live so they can reestablish populations. Conserving the remaining natural habitat is also crucial in protecting the bees and other dwindling native plant and animal species.

On the larger issue of protecting bumblebee and other native bee populations from going extinct, it is time for agribusiness and government to admit that neonicotinoid pesticides (neonics) – which have become the favorite poison of the chemically-dependent, industrial agriculture system – are devastating bees and other beneficial organisms.

For too long, the corporate purveyors of these toxic chemicals, such as Bayer and Monsanto, along with their partners in federal agencies, have been hiding and downplaying the science on neonics. While numerous formulations have been rubber-stamped for approval, securing billions in profits and kickbacks, environmental and human health have been the victims.

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Not only is this driving many species to extinction, but it also poses a grave threat to our agricultural integrity, as bumblebees and honey bees play a critical role in pollinating fruit crops. The bumblebees’ contribution to farms is estimated at $3.5 billion.

It’s time for habitat loss and pesticide use to become front page news, before we wake up to find these beneficial creatures gone forever, and with it, the stability of our food system and natural ecosystems.

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  • Warren Lauzon

    So you admit that ants are probably the main problem, and then blame Monsanto. Got it.

    • JoeFarmer

      Not to mention the fact that Monsanto produces exactly zero insecticides. So we have it that ants are the problem and competing bee species are the problem, but the author blames a company that doesn’t even make insecticides. Brilliant!

      • SMH
        • JoeFarmer

          Monsanto makes zero insecticides. My statement is correct

          • SMH

            I can’t find anything online to confirm that. Did they just stop, because they’ve preduced them for years?

          • JoeFarmer

            They haven’t sold insecticides since the legacy chemical division was sold off as Solutia back in the 1990s.

          • SMH

            That’s not what was stated in the Forbes article from 2011.

          • JoeFarmer

            Citation, please.

          • SMH

            I posted it in my first comment on the thread.

          • JoeFarmer

            I don’t see anything in the Forbes article about Monsanto manufacturing or selling insecticides. Please provide a quote or go away.

          • Bailey

            My cat’s been poisoned by weed poison when she ate grass that had herbicides on it, so I’m positive a bee could be poisoned by weed poison. If weed poison is as safe as you keep trying to say it is, I’m pretty sure weed killers aren’t supposed to make a cat get sick. If a large animal like a cat can get sick I’m sure a little incest that feeds on them everyday would get sick.

          • Rick Roldan

            I love cats

          • hyperzombie

            what? Your cat most likely got sick from eating grass, cats are not herbivores.

          • Bailey

            Incorrect. Cats have to eat grass to help with their digestive system. It keeps them from throwing up their food. Grass helps them digest their food, which keeps them from having hairballs and throwing up food. There is a reason they sell Cat Grass which is literally just grass that you plant inside for indoor cats. Cat’s also love cantaloupe. I don’t know why… but my cat will beg for cantaloupe when I’m eating it… and he seems to love it. Cats are mainly Carnivores however sometimes they act like Omnivores. All breeds of cats whether big cats or domesticated eat grass when they are outside.

            Also just because a cat eats grass doesn’t make an herbivore…. it’s called omnivore, when an animal eats plants and meat. Cats are primarily carnivores but that doesn’t mean they cannot eat plants. Herbivores can eat meat, they just don’t and carnivores can eat plants… Also my cat has eaten grass for about 10 years and never got sick then my neighbors spray weed poison for the first time in like 15 years… and he gets sick from eating the grass at that part of the yard that was sprayed….

            I know what I’m talking about because 26 years of owning cats…. and the vet told me to buy cat grass for my little ragdoll because she was an indoor cat and she kept vomiting. It helped. Tremendously.

            Most cats are smart enough to eat poison/can smell poison and know not to eat it, with the exception of Sonny, who’s special in his own little ways… Cats are unique creatures and don’t mistake Carnivore for meaning they only eat meat 100% of the time, some carnivores eat grass to help with their digestive system. Some even benefit from eating the occasional fruit or veggie.

          • hyperzombie

            Cats have to eat grass to help with their digestive system.

            Nope. cats eat grass so they can throw up. It does not help with digestion, it just makes them puke out the hairballs and parasites.

            Cats are not omnivores and you should not feed them cantaloupe, it is bad for them. Cats are CARNIVORES

            .ndoor cat and she kept vomiting. It helped.

            helped her vomit, but didnt help her health.

          • Nicholas Paul

            So, you can’t seem to fathom the idea of other chemicals effecting insects and killing them, outside of their intended purpose? There’s a reason Hawai’i established a Monsanto moratorium, because it’s cause enough for alarm. Even if they’re wrong, the bees are dying for some other reason, Monsanto is definitely killing butterflies in mainland US by removal of the milkweed plants with herbicides that they depend on to survive.

            So regardless of the bees, they’re definitely destroying polinators valuable to the environment. If for some reason you believe their herbicides aren’t dangerous enough, might I remind you they were the ones that created agent orange, for which they have not been held accountable?

          • JoeFarmer

            Please show some valid studies that support your, “idea”.

            The reason Hawaii attempted to establish a moratorium of ag biotech was because of the Shaka movement, which is essentially a bunch of agricultural creationists.

            Control of milkweed in farm fields is nothing new. My great-grandfather and grandfather were using horse-drawn plows to do exactly that.

            Agent Orange was not created by Monsanto. It was developed by the Department of Defense, and Monsanto and other companies were compelled by the federal government to manufacture it.

          • joe

            You have just contradicted yourself .Read the last paragraph and you will see what I mean.SO just because they did not have the exact formula for A.O. did they not manufacture it ?Then in fact they produced a chemical that kills therefore you stand corrected!! The fact that NO company is compelled to do anything they do not want to they therefore bid to produce this A.O. for the government for payment and not because of what you have stated!!

          • JoeFarmer

            You’re not very smart. Try looking up the Defense Production Act.

          • joe

            I am smart enough to know that you are full of it and can not stand being corrected when you ARE wrong!!! Just like I stated before you are the one who is not very smart at all !!! I worked for the government and know EXACTLY how it works BUT I doubt that you have any clue Mr. Farmer!!!

          • JoeFarmer

            So you’re too lazy to look up the Defense Production Act and how the federal government compelled Monsanto and half a dozen other companies to produce Agent Orange and other defoliants.

            Feel free to bask in your ignorance, champ.

          • joe

            I do NOT need to look at your site I do need to look at ANYTHING you have posted so stuff it where the sun doesn’t shine dopey farmer Stick to what you know OH sorry that is nothing!!!!

          • JoeFarmer

            “To ensure that military personnel would not be endangered by a shortage of the specific herbicides that had been researched, designed, and developed by the government, the United States invoked the Defense Production Act and compelled cooperation from the chemical manufacturers who are named as defendants in these actions.”

            “A. The Government “Invented” Agent Orange.
            The district court made the following findings of fact regarding the origins
            of Agent Orange.
            The herbicidal properties of 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T as a munition
            were discovered in research conducted by the United States military
            during World War II. During the 1950s and 1960s, the United States
            armed forces developed these compounds as weapons of war,
            conducting extensive testing and experimentation involving
            applications of high concentrations of these materials at heavy rates to
            defoliate large areas indiscriminately as rapidly as possible.
            Isaacson v. Dow Chem. Co., 304 F. Supp. 2d 404, 426 (E.D.N.Y. 2004).”

            “Agent Orange had its origins in research instituted by the Chemical Warfare Service during World War II at Camp Detrick, Maryland to develop anti-plant agents. 11/10/2003 Defs.’
            Supp. Br. in Opp. to Remand, Ex. 1 at 7 (A610).”

            www(dot)appellate.net/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Isaacson_BriefforAppellees.pdf

            I can keep going, genius. Just let me know if you want even more court records showing conclusively that you are utterly clueless.

          • joe

            Hey listen, what I was correcting you on is, you need to read your own last paragraph because you contradicted yourself I can not help you any other way but to point that out to you .Did you not even take my advise? Obviously you did not! I do not care about what you have posted to me you have wasted you time because I did not read propaganda so I can’t help you anymore and leave me alone!!!

          • JoeFarmer

            File yourself under, “nutbar”.

          • So you absolutely trust everything your Government and military claim? Monsanto, pharma and the Government are all in bed together. Studies that incriminate Monsanto or big Pharma’s practices are slim because opponents are threatened and silenced while they pay-off leading doctors and scientists to craft “white papers” spinning things in their favour. Europe is on to their tactics, but we seem to eat it up (pun intended).

          • JoeFarmer

            Nice job of foil-hattery.

          • SNMac

            Companies like Monsanto lobby Congress – can you deny that? What are you trying to argue exactly? That Monsanto’s agricultural practices don’t have a negative effect on the environment?

          • JoeFarmer

            You’re not very good at this. You probably shouldn’t post any more.

          • Damo

            Monsanto does not have any agricultural practices. What are you on about?

          • hyperzombie

            Monsanto, pharma and the Government are all in bed together.

            No more so than Gov and “natural foods”, Gov and NGOs, Gov and wall street. Just admit it, the Government is a total slut.

          • Damo

            I think all these Big Pharma vaccines and glyphosate have caused you to damage your brain.

          • Personal attacks now, eh? Says a lot about your character, Damo.

          • Damo

            Meh, you are either very ignorant and incapable of reason or you are lying. We all have flaws.

          • Michael McCarthy

            JoeFarmer joe • a day ago
            Feel free to bask in your ignorance, champ.

            joe JoeFarmer • a day ago
            I do NOT need to look at your site I do need to look at ANYTHING

            https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/ac7f7d3a77a0ebc4e44012886b41632f83732279156fc2917567804cd8870cb1.gif

          • hyperzombie

            Joe, the chemical formula was not the problem with agent orange, it was the manufacturing process. The Gov, wanted AO fast, so the Gov invented a manufacturing process that caused the problem. Nothing to do with the chemical companies. if the Gov. waited there would be no problems today. This is a simple fact that even the Government agrees with.

          • joe

            You did not read Mr. Farmer’s statement i.e. the last paragraph he contradicted himself and can not admit that he is wrong. I Did not make this statement he did I only tried to correct his contradiction!!

          • hyperzombie

            Nope, read it all and there is no contradiction.

          • Ralf Zabotskowitz

            Agent Orange was developed by the British in 1948 for use in the communist insurgency in Malaysia. Agent orange was a 50-50 combination of the phenoxy herbicides 2,4-d and 2,4,5-T. 2,4,5-t had a percentage of double oxygen bridges formed in the manufacturing process. Double oxygen bridges are called dioxins. 2,4,5-t is banned as it should be, 2,4-d is still commonly used.

          • Vasillios

            You don’t have to be a genius ton know that there was a lot more milkweed around in the 1800’s with your great grandparents using mules to plow weeds over, less farmland more prairies and no one running around spraying Glyphosate and Atrazine all over the place!

          • JoeFarmer

            It would be helpful for you to actually learn something about agriculture rather than just babbling…

          • hyperzombie

            How so. please explain. A plow is more effective at controlling many weeds. A plow kills the plant and buries the seeds so deep that they cant reproduce (the whole point of plowing) but glyphosate just kills the plant, does nothing to the seed.

          • Vasillios

            The point is that there is less milkweed today than there was back in the 1800’s. As far as using Glyphosate why would you wait for the plant to turn to seed?

          • duane b

            I like having Joe Farmer has our foil….tee hee

          • JoeFarmer

            With so many responses like yours from throwaway accounts, I think the management should change the site name to, “The Thought-Free Project”.

          • Damo

            “Monsanto is definitely killing butterflies in mainland US by removal of the milkweed plants with herbicides that they depend on to survive.”

            Monsanto isn’t doing anything of the sort. Farmers who believe that we need wall to wall crops are. RoundUp is a tool, it can be misused by anyone, like any other tool.

            I totally agree that habitat fragmentation is a terrible thing, and a policy of scorched earth, farm all that you can is terrible–but the pollinators aren’t dying becasue the few plants that managed to spring up in between corn rows are getting destroyed by RoundUp. That little bit of habitat wasn’t enough for them to begin with.

            Let’s stop destroying habitat.

          • Ralf Zabotskowitz

            Nicholas Paul, Agent Orange was first used by the British in Malaysia in 1948. Monsanto and other companies produced it, under government contract, in the 60’s. They did not create it. Milkweed does not typically grow in cultivated fields ( I am only going by 35 years of experience as an entomologist and crops consultant in Colorado so your experience may ‘trump’ mine). Wall to Wall farming is more of a culprit and many farmers are realizing that and creating habitat strips. What is the habitat like on your property?

          • נתח

            I’m pretty sure that whether Monsanto makes insecticides or not, they are doing something wrong. I can’t believe that they are just being bullied to stop with so many of their actions.
            But honestly I do believe that they make and use chemicals which are 100% cancerous and generally shit for any living organisem

          • JoeFarmer

            What you believe and facts are two dramatically different things. So you might want to actually spend more time learning and less time typing.

          • Matthew S. Abel

            regardless they are USING the pesticides and herbicides which are harmful to species of the arthropod phyla that are not meant to be harmed, they are either cheap bastards and use a scorched earth policy to deal with pests or they really don’t give a shit. I think it is a combination of the two.

            How bout we dust the human race with pesticides that renders a % of them infertile. Less humans means less food needs to be grown and less pesticides need to be sprayed. Planet saved.

          • נתח

            Hmm.. Ok. So what are your facts based on? Information that Monsanto releases or your own private study?
            And I would think that in order to learn, I would need also to read, and that means that I have to spend my time typing too. Can you see the paradox here?

          • Roxi

            Not funny… or correct. JOE or whoever you are.. We not stupid.

          • JoeFarmer

            “We not stupid.”

            I believe in fact that you are stupid, Roxi.

          • The pesticides they create definitely affect bee health, lowering their natural immunity and making them vulnerable to an infection that kills entire bee colonies.

          • JoeFarmer

            Citation from a refereed, peer-reviewed journal article, please.

          • JoeFarmer

            You didn’t just link to global research and a nutter story by Mercola the quack, did you?

            As if it weren’t already painfully obvious, thanks for proving conclusively that you know absolutely nothing about science, dearie!

          • That’s the only one you looked at, Grandpa?

          • JoeFarmer

            Try to keep up.

          • JoeFarmer

            Yawn…Another Seralini, “Let’s drop stuff on cells in a dish in greater and greater concentrations until they die, then we’ll make some bizarre extrapolations” paper.

            Stick to marketing.

          • JoeFarmer

            Care to explain how a paper about dropping glyphosate-based herbicides on human liver cells in a dish has anything at all to do with bee colonies, dearie?

            You probably should stick to marketing. Your sciencing is bad.

          • Damo

            Evidence?

          • Damo

            The first one was just a blog post. From no other than Mercola–so I didn’t even bother with it.

            The second wasn’t a paper, but it was a pretty decent piece of literature that doesn’t quite say what you think it says:

            “The lack of conclusive evidence ruling out negative effects of chronic exposure to low doses of pesticides may mean that we should still work to minimize exposure to pesticides when possible. ”

            Does not mean anything has been proven. It means that nothing has been disproved (which is true, but misleading). Please don’t feel that this statement is proof that pesticides are toxic (though they are–it is all on proper use of pesticides).

            No, the real reason we are seeing bees drop off is because we are destroying their habitat. Some are adapting, but are only surviving, not thriving. This seems to be an accumulative problem when something like a foreign fungus or mites or bacteria find their way into the native population.

          • Damo

            Bees are not human cells. Try again.

        • Ralf Zabotskowitz

          SMH, As an entomologist working for 35 years in agriculture I read your link. I’m guessing you didn’t read it or didn’t understand what was printed in it? There is nothing about insecticides in there.

      • Paperdog

        Monsanto produces weed killers. I guess in your world, nothing except weeds will die for it… Now that’s NOT BRILLIANT.

        • JoeFarmer

          Oh, please do tell how herbicides (“weed killers” as you call them) kill other things like insects.

          • Lans_Starsider

            Spray your dinner with herbicide, eat it, then tell me how you feel.

          • JoeFarmer

            So, you don’t know anything about agriculture, either. Thanks for making it clear.

          • The chemicals used in the herbicides negatively affect the bee’s natural immunity, making it especially vulnerable to a fungal infection that easily spreads to the entire bee colony, killing them off.

          • JoeFarmer

            Please provide a citation from a refereed, peer-reviewed journal article that supports your claims.

      • Sam Fischer

        Your an idiot they put the pesticides in the seeds that’s Monsanto money maker dumb shit

        • JoeFarmer

          There are no pesticides in the seeds, genius.

      • Debra Boyd Shaw

        The make Round Up. Ever heard of that??!

        • JoeFarmer

          RoundUp is not an insecticide. It’s a herbicide.

      • David Koster

        come shopping overhere , the stores are piled up with Monsanto insecticides !

        • JoeFarmer

          Name one.

      • Roxi

        The pesticides are in the plant… duh You must work for Monsanto. Joe Farmer my @#$!

        • JoeFarmer

          Explain how that works, dearie.

      • Vasillios

        What difference does it make if they produce it or not, Monsanto treats their seeds with these Neonicotinoid neurotoxins AKA Nerve poisons that are produced by Bayer Cropscience and Syngenta AG.

        • JoeFarmer

          Did you ever figure out what FIFRA is, genius?

          But thanks for your mindless babbling.

          • Vasillios

            I figured it out, it’s the ACT you like to hide behind when you can’t answer a direct question!

          • JoeFarmer

            No one will ever accuse you of being smart.

        • Damo

          Please explain how treated seed kills the bees.

  • Donald Holland

    So does this mean if one kills a bee, one can get arrested? Typical government tyranny…

    • Two Americas

      The ignorance on display here is just stunning.

      No, you are not going to be arrested, and the notion that this is a typical example of “government tyranny” just indicates that you are as ignorant about politics and history as you are about natural sciences.

      Bees are critical for agriculture. Agriculture is unessential if we are going to continue to feed you. Perhaps all of those who, like you, want to sabotage any efforts to protect and support you, your loved ones, and your descendants – get it? you, your loved ones, and your descendants – should be given a special exemption from the benefits derived from programs such as this.

      As another example of “government tyranny,” the rest of us will, through public agencies, continue efforts to protect and support the well-being of your loved ones and descendants, no matter how many temper tantrums you throw and no matter how much ignorant and malicious obstructionism you try to place in our path.

  • Eric Bjerregaard

    Very surprising that the author can be smart enough to write an article and yet dumb enough to come to such stupid conclusions. Completely ignoring the fact that a moratorium on neonic use in the EU hasn’t helped honey bee populations

  • leeteam

    “Scientists may have found the cause of the world’s sudden dwindling population of bees – and cell phones may be to blame. Research conducted in Lausanne, Switzerland has shown that the signal from cell phones not only confuses bees, but also may lead to their death. Over 83 experiments have yielded the same results….”
    http://inhabitat.com/its-official-cell-phones-are-killing-bees/bee/

    Many support environmental causes, but if the cause impacts them personally, they say “Nah, No one is taking my cell phone from me.”

    • Nicholas Paul

      I’m skeptical of this in regards to Hawai’i because cell phones have been around for years but this is more of a recent thing on the islands, also there aren’t nearly as many cells on the islands as mainland Europe. Ultimately though depending where you are in the world the reason will be different: for example, Japan’s problems of wasps genociding bees because why not.

  • Damo

    Why is it that you state “Habitat loss and pesticide use” at both the beginning and end of the story, but you only really discuss neoconitoid pesticides? Why not focus on habitat loss–the real culprit of losing native bees. Or in this case, your own admission that in Hawaii it is nonnative species?

    • hyperzombie

      The problem with native bees is not habitat loss or pesticides, it is novel viruses and fungi imported from other continents.

      • Damo

        I will admit that nonnative diseases are also playing a role– a pretty large one.

        • Vasillios

          Why would you admit to something you know nothing about?

          • Damo

            Please, oh wise one, what knowledge do you have that I don’t?

          • Vasillios

            You’re the one admitting that diseases are playing a large role, so which specific diseases are playing a bigger role than pesticides and habitat loss?

          • Damo

            I admitted nothing of the sort. I said disease plays a role. Habitat fragmentation is the real culprit. Pesticides are minor.

            Now please, stop accusing me of being ignorant and don’t put words in my mouth.

      • Vasillios

        Habitat loss and pesticides are not a problem for bees? Really? The problem is people like you who attempt to mislead others.

        • hyperzombie

          Really? Ag land peaked in the US in the 1930s and has been trending down since, in Canada in the 1950s. Where is this habitat loss coming from?

          Pesticides today are far safer for all pollinators than ever before, no one sprays DDT everywhere anymore.

          But at the in the mid 90s a new and novel mite with its associated viruses was imported to North America that Native North American bees have no natural defence against.

          You cant solve a problem without knowing what is causing the problem.
          In other words dont blame the rain when someone is pissing on your head.

  • stellar1
  • baseballfanman
  • Adam Peak
  • David Koster

    but what can we do about it ??

  • David Koster

    with only pointless discussions ,doesnt bring us any further ! so HELLLO people from the organisation HELLOOOO !

  • Ralf Zabotskowitz

    Monsanto does not manufacture or hold patents on any neonicitinoid insecticides.

  • j moreira

    Why blame monsanto and and other pesticide makers when we do very little ourselves for the bees.I have no bees of my own but i atract them to my garden in big numbers by sowing and planting the right plants which i have identified and next year i will increase the area to get more bees like i did with the anise swallowtail butterfly by creating a perfect habitat whith rue and dill plants.I released 6 in the first year 50 the second almost 60 this year.I guess we can do the same with the bees by giving them the right habitat.By the way one of bigest bee predator is the asian hornet and no one mention.

    • Vasillios

      Because if it wasn’t for Monsanto along with the pesticide makers you wouldn’t have to do much for the Bees, they have been surviving on their own for millions of years.

  • People say it’s pesticides doing it but if that were true then why didn’t they all die out in the 50’s or 60’s when they used the REALLY poisonous pesticides?

  • Dan Gerald

    I’m glad bees are dying.

  • The EPA Finally Admitted That the World’s Most Popular Pesticide Kills Bees—20 Years Too Late

    http://www.motherjones.com/tom-philpott/2016/01/epa-finds-major-pesticide-toxic-bees

  • Both sides pay elite academics (leading scientists etc) to go to bat for them. Big pharma does the same thing, so the people (the consumer) is left as confused on the matter as ever. The tobacco industry did the same thing, so did soy, and sugar and the battle between carbs versus low carbs. Agriculture is a massive industry with a whole lot of $ to gain or lose. At the end of the day, we must do our own research and then take a leap of faith either way. You believe what you want (Pro-GMO); I’ll beleive what I want (anti-GMO). Follow the money trail! http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/06/us/food-industry-enlisted-academics-in-gmo-lobbying-war-emails-show.html?hp&action=click&pgtype=Homepage&module=first-column-region&region=top-news&WT.nav=top-news&_r=1

  • Cormagh

    Just because the Hawaiian bees are interesting and are the first bees in history to be declared endangered (Humans are somewhat endangered there too.) doesn’t mean that we need to generalize its importance. If there is an issue for pollinators in Hawaii, deal with it, don’t try to spread panic around the globe.

  • PittieLove

    There’s a reason most of Europe has banned Monsanto’s GMO Crops…

  • j moreira

    Bees mainly forrage in the wild , there are no pesticides i give you an example they collect polen from eucaliptos, heathers, wild lavander wild oregano etc only very few come to fruit trees.Last time i have mention the asian hornet as a bigest predator, but biger predator is the man, only this year hundreds of beehives were burnt in brush fires, acres and acres were is only ash and nothing to forrage.