Home / Education / Devil’s Punchbowl — An American Concentration Camp So Horrific It was Erased from History

Devil’s Punchbowl — An American Concentration Camp So Horrific It was Erased from History

Say the words concentration camps, and most will surmise the topic surrounds World War II and the Nazis; but the hard labor, constant threat of death, and barbarism these microcosmic hells presented weren’t unique to Adolf Hitler — in just one year, around 20,000 freed slaves perished in the Devil’s Punchbowl — in Natchez, Mississippi, U.S.A.

After the Civil War, a massive exodus of former slaves from Southern plantations trekked northward in hopes of reaching a location of true freedom; but embittered soldiers, resentful the people considered property were now free, had other plans.

One tiny town’s population mushroomed twelvefold from the influx, as researcher Paula Westbrook, who has extensively studied Devil’s Punchbowl, noted,

“When the slaves were released from the plantations during the occupation they overran Natchez. And the population went from about 10,000 to 120,000 overnight.”

Unable to grapple with an instant population swell, the city turned to Union troops still lingering after the war to devise a merciless, impenitent solution.

“So they decided to build an encampment for ’em at Devil’s Punchbowl which they walled off and wouldn’t let ’em out,” former director of the Natchez City Cemetery, Don Estes, explained.

Devil’s Punchbowl is so named for a cavernous, bowl-shaped gulch walled off by tree-topped cliffs — an area unintentionally made perfect for a hellacious prison by nature, herself.

A tangle of lush green now tops bluffs near the Mississippi River in Natchez, hiding past atrocities that took place when Union Army soldiers corralled and captured those freed slaves — in worse conditions than they’d endured previously as slaves on sprawling plantations. 

In the unrelenting heat and humidity of the deep South, African American men toiled at hard labor clearing thickets of brush, while women and children — not seen as a viable workforce for the task — languished without food or water behind the locked concrete walls of the camp to die of starvation.

Barbarous treatment didn’t even end when someone died.

“The Union Army did not allow them to remove the bodies from the camp,” Westbrook explained. “They just gave ’em shovels and said bury ’em where they drop.”

Bleak conditions of being cramped inside locked walls and forced to work until exhaustion or death also led to the spread of disease and illness — a little-discussed but insidious issue for former slaves, killing up to one million individuals following the ostensive emancipation.

“Disease broke out among ’em, smallpox being the main one,” Estes said of the concentration camp prisoners. “And thousands and thousands died. They were begging to get out. ‘Turn me loose and I’ll go home back to the plantation! Anywhere but there.’”

However, a dearth of information about these mostly postbellum camps indeed leaves significant leeway for conjecture, and a smattering of conclusions say those detained preferred the slightly greater freedom compared to brutality found on the plantations. Additional critics dispute Westbrook and Estes, and the number who died in the Natchez camps, saying the number is likely closer to just 1,000 — but without methodical record-keeping, the figure is impossible to verify with certainty. Either way, this black eye on American history is still one of the largest and most brutal acts of state-sanctioned death this country has ever seen.

READ MORE:  "The Meaning of July 4th for a Negro" — James Earl Jones Speaks Frederick Douglass' Immortal Words

As the Civil War drew to a close and during the nascent stages of emancipation, those who had been thrust into slavery and putatively freed held a precarious place outside the society of their enslavement. Thus, ‘legitimately’ freed individuals and ‘escapees,’ alike, were captured and held in ‘contraband camps’ — so named because, as commodities, they were considered contraband by Union troops who had no qualms about perpetuating slavery for their own benefit. Three such camps existed in the Devil’s Punchbowl area of Natchez.

Historians’ descriptions of Devil’s Punchbowl have been loosely anecdotally backed by locals, who describe human skeletons occasionally washing free from the location in times of heavy rains and flooding.

Wild peach trees now dot the basin where human beings, who believed they’d finally won freedom from slavery, sweated through work for different captors until death granted the ultimate reprieve — but Mississippians know better than to taste the bitter fruit fertilized with the blood of atrocity.

Like so much about the history of the United States, sadistic acts perpetrated by officials acting on behalf of the government have been criminally downplayed to lessen shame and facilitate collective memory loss. But there can be no doubt — whether unintentionally or by design — thousands succumbed to inhumane conditions at these camps, under added duress of lacking the freedom so basic, it’s called the cornerstone of the nation.

Whatever the full truth about Devil’s Punchbowl, it’s a veritable guarantee no history book will be honest or thorough enough to shed light on the excruciating conditions akin to Nazi concentration camps — or even that forced, slave labor continued while America readjusted its crooked and tarnished halo after the Civil War.

 

READ MORE:  The REAL Bundy Ranch Story: The People Forced the Feds to Surrender

  • This was done to the Indigenous People(Native Indians) well before this happened to the freed slaves. It was wrong both times and it was never discussed in any high school history classes I was in and I graduated high school over 57 years ago. But hey, America was founded on Christian Values. I am still trying to figure out just what those Christian Values actually are/were.

    • Eric Bolt

      Kabbalah -! After they Murdered Lincoln, They Fled Gods, 1st Promised land to the Jews- WHICH WAS –> “TEXAS–! ” early 1800’s to mid 1800’s -! Find out other real History Hidden-! Like what were Gods, 2nd & 3rd Promised land to the Jews, before [ His 4th-? ] Occupied Palestine-! These are the ones who were behind so much Hell Every Where-! This goes to show – Why They left TEXAS, & chose to go elsewhere-! Too much to get into, – but only by Deception has it really changed Much depending on how one see’s it-! This is why some Indians say they are Jew-! They stole the Last tribe of Occupied Palestine, This Generations ago, like here. JUST LIKE HERE, WHEN INVADING TEXAS W/ 1000’s & 1000’s of Kabbalah Jew terrorist, from the Pacific Coast. To Criminally Concede Texas, as Gods, 1st Promised land to the Invading Kabbalah Jews-! Find out why the WALL NOW was not built then-? & Why NOW-! This is the answer to your why-!

      • David Watson

        Uh… what?

    • ThorosiousD

      I believe the US was founded on values created by the same types of people who have always used organized Christianity as a shield to justify theft and genocide. Jesus never once advocated any of those horrors. There’s a world of difference between religion and personal salvation. Organized religion is a man made method of control. Personal salvation doesn’t require money or authoritarian forms of control over other people.

      • cheryl

        he did advocate such horrors – who said if they do not believe in him they will perish? sounds akin to genocide to me.

        • Aurora

          It could also mean that those that don’t believe in him will perish, not because believers will kill them, but because they’d be missing something important in their life. Something like that. Doesn’t necessarily means genocide.

          • Willowtee

            But those mine enemies, who would not that I should reign over them, bring them hither and slay them before me.’” Luke 19:27

        • deenie1219

          To perish in the spiritual sense is what’s meant. That being said, I think a lot of words attributed to Jesus were put there in order to validate the Catholic Church and the succession of popes. Organized religions are used by “politicians” to divide and conquer the masses. It works like a charm. I avoid them. Practice the Golden Rule, by kind without fail, and love without limit.

      • Manifest Destiny

    • 52 Shadows

      Actually many of the Founding Fathers were not Christian and were actually opposed to “Christian values”. That being stated why blame Christ for the crimes of those that claim to be followers, but do not actually follow his teachings?

      • Scienceczar

        And why blame Muhammad and the entire religion of Islam for the crimes of those that claim to be followers, but do not actually follow his teachings… Right? Right? Hello… anyone out there?

        • 52 Shadows

          I don’t blame Muslims for what is going on. I blame the Shadow government that is using technology to warp specific Muslims’ minds. (At least they are not using Trauma based mind control any more.) That being stated you should realize that unlike the Christ, Mohammed committed acts of violence and encouraged it. Christ never encouraged violence, but actually the opposite.

        • cheryl

          they are actually following his teachings – read up.

          • deenie1219

            They pick and choose. You can do the same with the bible.

        • Verna S. Clancy

          I only blame those of Islam who say and act on a person must be Islamic or die and there are those. I have never heard of any Christians who say you must be Christian or die. And Hello….. I expect I know the name you will say and I would not say he was a Christian.

          • oldman67

            Apparently you haven’t done any research on the so called Spanish-American war and the slaughters carried out by the US Army against the Muslim population. Just one horrific example is the Moro Crater Massacre. Killing more than 800,000 men women and children because it was said these heathens can’t be Christianized?

          • Verna S. Clancy

            I say again, Christians do not slaughter people they cannot Christianize. You must have read a Muslim book. If the US Army killed any of the Muslim population anywhere it was a matter of getting them first. That happens in war.

          • Yerachmiel HaLevi

            Ever hear of the crusades,the inquistion,pogroms & the holocaust? All perpetrated by baptized Christians!!!!

          • Verna S. Clancy

            Yes, I have heard of them. Do you know that everyone that wears the name Christian is not a Christian? But true Christians of this day do not have a goal of convert or die, as Muslims still do unless they are reformed Muslims. I’m not sure what they believe as they claim to be reformed.

          • Yerachmiel HaLevi

            No so they use subterfuge instead by pretending to be Jews & using our sacred symbols to win converts. To me killing my soul is just as bad as killing my body.

          • Verna S. Clancy

            The End.

          • tellnolie

            You fail to mention the crusades were in response to the muslims wiping out Christians, and no Christian commits mass murder, they’re not real Christians, such as a hitler.

          • Yerachmiel HaLevi

            They murdered & butchered many of my (Jewish) people in the crusades as well just for us not accepting one of our own boys.

          • freedom74

            Just a little over 1000 people died in the Moro Crater Massacre. It took me about 2 minutes to reference that. You’re a kook oldman67.

        • Don Gaffney

          You apparently have not read the Quran because if you had you wouldnt make such an asinine statement. Muhammed not only taught his followers to slaughter he participated in the slaughter himself. Violent Christians are NOT following the teachings of the New Testament. Violent Muslims are actually following what their prophet proscribed. So much for sounding clever….

      • I guess I should have been more specific on the ” Christian Values BS ” that has been spewed out of the mouths of mostly, if not all of the Teabagger and Republican politicos since around 2008. It was never heard of in those terms before the likes of Sarah Palin showed up on the mainland in her bid for V.P. Yet these people who yell the loudest on the C.V. thing cannot actually ever tell you what they mean when they are confronted with it. The most common answer they can come up with is ” well, you know.” I a person knew exactly what they are talking about they would not ask and since it certainly cannot be the 10 Commandments, as they broke the ones referring to humans actions/sins, as the first 5 Commandments only pertain to God and the 6th -10th are concerned to treatment of others and in stealing this nation from the Indigenous Peoples, everyone of those Commandments were broken a million-fold.

        Most of the Founding Fathers were Deist and many detested the ” Christian ” concept. I did not blame Christ-which there is still controversy that he was created by Constantine and is a fictional character and not an actual living being. People tend to create a magic cure-all to absolve them of their crimes/sins and many believe that if they confess their indiscretions to an invisible and unseen entity, they are washed clean again and far too many repeat their behavior the second they leave their place of worship and repeat the process over every week.

        • Truthseeker4Christ

          Every president in the history of the United States of America has claimed to be a “Christian”. They do this to win public favor.

          Wikipedia says. “There was
          only one Roman Catholic president, John F. Kennedy. No president thus
          far has been openly an atheist.[7] However, it has been acknowledged
          that three US Presidents-Thomas Jefferson, Lincoln and Andrew
          Johnson-had no religious affiliation”

          • Verna S. Clancy

            But not opposed to Christian values. If you are atheist I would suggest that you be allowed to live as an atheist. I would not insist that you convert to Christianity or die. Can you say the Muslims take that attitude?

      • Truthseeker4Christ

        Every president in the history of the United States
        of America has claimed to be a “Christian”.

        Wikipedia says. “There was
        only one Roman Catholic president, John F. Kennedy. No president thus
        far has been openly an atheist.[7] However, it has been acknowledged
        that three US Presidents-Thomas Jefferson, Lincoln and Andrew
        Johnson-had no religious affiliation”

        https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religious_affiliations_of_Presidents_of_the_United_States

      • mistel

        Your first statement seems to be an odd conclusion, since our Founding documents are based on Christian values. Plus, I’ve never read a quote from that time that disparaged Christian values. Certainly the requirement that one had to be Christian in order to hold a leadership position belies a disdain for Christianity. Letters written back then expressed Christian love.

        • GM Miller

          Read Thomas Paine.

          Just what “christian” values are in the constitution?

      • Verna S. Clancy

        Could you name the many Founding Fathers who were apposed to Christian values?

      • maddyswatch

        “many”? Please enlighten us as to who these non-Christian FF’s were.

    • PAUL H

      Mass graves of ignorant primitive savage Native American Indians slaughtered by other ignorant primitive savage Native American Indians have been found and dated to mid 1300’s – 200 years before the Jew Columbus arrived and 400 years before the white man arrived
      “You Stole America from the Indians”
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K84c7NlZzno

      • PAUL H

        In fact; 1274 AD, Kublai Khan’s Muslim Mongol hordes, led by Jewish priests, were washed up on the Pacific coast by kamikaze when attempting to invade Japan. They massacred, raped and subjugated their way via Canada then Mississippi valley to Galena River area North of New Mexico by @ 1250 AD
        Presumably to destroy the well established forest gardens that may have sustained resistance so much woodland was being burnt in America by 1350 AD that a mini ice-age in Europe was triggered.
        TB epidemics imported from Africa by seals @ 1350 AD then decimated East coast American populations.
        Fortunately Europe’s mini ice-age reversed itself once mother nature sent the TB plague to exterminate the “Neo-Native” Muslim invaders and the trees grew back.
        The Pirate-Jew Columbus arrived and commenced the Talmudic genocide and enslavement of “Native” American populations in 1492
        White European’s fleeing Jewish oppression in Europe only arrived in any appreciable numbers in the 16-17-1800’s

        • Santiaga Marlin

          Dude. Therapy. Get some.

          • PAUL H

            Everything I posted is corroborated by historical facts. If you had done your own research on the subject rather than placing your faith “Therapy” you would already know that.

        • Steve Bigler

          I guess Jesuit and Jewish confuse the fuck out of you…

          • PAUL H

            Perhaps you are confused and/or ignorant. Loyola (Inigo Lopez de Regalde) the founder of the Jesuit Order was Jewish. He exclusively recruited Jews…

          • Steve Bigler

            I’m not talking Crypto Jews inside the Vatican…. and yes I know history… but most of the people reading this crap think Jesus was a Roman Catholic and spoke English…

          • Pyra Gorgon

            No, just people like yourself believe what you wrote. I certainly do not.

        • Gordon Klock

          I’ll admit, I was tempted to ask you whether they ran into the Aztec/Zulu/Khmer alliance, but then again, I know there is a lot of hidden history that may sound totally crazy, & there is evidence of a lot of strange things that for whatever reason, gets secretly, (& sometimes violently), suppressed, ancient Egyptian batteries, Bronze Age Chinese discovery of America, etc…(even a fair amount of weird evidence of pre-historical civilizations, technologically superior to our own)…
          I’m genuinely curious as to your source material…..

          • PAUL H

            Confirmation of the kamikaze blowing an army to west coast Canada is found in various archaeological digs producing evidence of a relatively small number of well armed and disciplined soldiers carving a path through America and totally overwhelming and massacring native populations.
            The same path is traced by ancient graffiti votive altars found West of Rockies marking pre and post battle sacrificial/thanksgiving rituals written in paleo-Hebrew attesting to the fact that Jewish priests led the majority ethnic Chinese and Korean Mongol army.
            Genetic studies also confirm a major injection of Mongolian DNA at this time.
            [I lost all my links to the various pdf’s and articles, I am citing the salient facts from memory]

            The text below was copied from the now dead link below.
            Study: African tuberculosis wiped out most American Indians before European contact.
            Professor Stone studied the strains of tuberculosis found on the bones of seals and sea lions in Peru, and concluded that sea creatures traveling from Africa to South America carried the tuberculosis that wiped out many American Indians.
            The theory is that animals in Africa, or most likely humans, passed tuberculosis on to sea lions and seals which then swam across to South America, infecting humans on the coast with the disease.
            The researchers believe that once tuberculosis spread into South America, it was carried up into North America.
            “What we found was really surprising. The ancient strains are distinct from any known human-adapted tuberculosis strain,” said professor Stone.
            “We found that the tuberculosis strains were most closely related to strains in seals and sea lions.”
            “Our results show unequivocal evidence of human infection caused by sea lions and seals in pre-Columbian South America.”
            “Within the past 2,500 years, the marine animals likely contracted the disease from an African host species and carried it across the ocean to coastal people in South America.”
            The team looked at human skeletons from Peru, dated 750 AD to 1350 AD, and found that people back then already had tuberculosis.
            Also, the team looked at the DNA strains of the disease. They confirmed that some American Indians died of European diseases, but that was nothing compared to tuberculosis which was already well established.
            http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/science-news/11046891/Seals-helped-Europeans-wipe-out-Native-Americans.html

            “The Indians were so good at killing trees that a team of Stanford environmental scientists think they caused a mini ice age in Europe. When all of the tree-clearing Indians died in the plague, so many trees grew back that it had a reverse global warming effect. ”
            http://www.cracked.com/article_19864_6-ridiculous-lies-you-believe-about-founding-america.html
            Reforestation helped trigger Little Ice Age
            http://news.stanford.edu/news/2009/january7/manvleaf-010709.html

        • Pyra Gorgon

          In fact; 1274 AD, Kublai Khan’s Muslim Mongol hordes, led by Jewish priests, were washed up on the Pacific coast by kamikaze when attempting to invade Japan.

          Which source material is this from, if you are willing to share? I’ve not been able to find worthwhile sources for the hidden histories of pre-Columbian Americas that is not all contrived by TPTB revisionist historians.

          Not asking for a spoonfeeding, but a keyword or search parameter at a particular source (Google search has been censoring my efforts of late) to help direct inquiry would be appreciated. 🙂

          • PAUL H

            I copied part of my reply to another request for sources below yours – After losing my notes on that a decade ago I briefly tried searching again more recently but found nothing specific – So if you have more time to research and find confirmation I’d appreciate it if you reply again.

            Confirmation of the kamikaze blowing an army to west coast Canada is found in various archaeological digs producing evidence of a relatively small number of well armed and disciplined soldiers carving a path through America and totally overwhelming and massacring native populations.

            The same path is traced by ancient graffiti + votive altars found West of Rockies marking pre and post battle sacrificial/thanksgiving rituals written in paleo-Hebrew and attesting to the fact that Jewish priests led the majority ethnic Chinese and Korean Mongol army.

            Genetic studies also confirm a major injection of Mongolian DNA at the time.

            I recall there was one report concerning evidence of pre-Columus metal arrowheads found on top of a defensive tower –
            This article mentions ‘mystery’ defensive towers the Natives had erected around the specific period, and mentions “Some unusual-looking projectile points have turned up at massacre sites that date to just before the Pueblo people left the Mesa Verde region, so invading nomads might have had a role in forcing the farmers from their homes”
            http://www.nature.com/news/the-greatest-vanishing-act-in-prehistoric-america-1.18700

    • Truthseeker4Christ

      Just so you know, every president in the history of the United States of America has claimed to be a “Christian”. Wikipedia says. “There was only one Roman Catholic president, John F. Kennedy. No president thus far has been openly an atheist.[7] However, it has been acknowledged that three US Presidents-Thomas Jefferson, Lincoln and Andrew Johnson-had no religious affiliation”

      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religious_affiliations_of_Presidents_of_the_United_States

    • usc440

      people were different 150 years ago….easy for us to criticize 150 years later……. mass murder and genocide was nothing new…. it was also fighting for survival to them… genocide and mass murder was common among native americans by native americans…. same in africa, asia and europe…. americans not perfect but clearly americans were no different …. however, it happened in america not too often compared to rest of world….

    • germcheck

      I think it’s the Old Testament “value” that the “chosen people” can kill any natives, including children and women, and grab their lands and properties.

    • Hubert Fridge

      Google Pope Nicholas V His Papul Bull [decree] ROMANUS PONTIFEX 1454 outlines what Christians could do with Heathens and non Christians. It legalized the colonizing of new lands and treatment of the indigenous
      people.

    • Charles Douglas

      Yeah I always wonder what those so-called Christian values were myself. Looking back in history one has to really consider who the “REAL” savages were. That on any scale would point directly at the Christians of the world and how they were enabled by Papal Bulls to justify their savage horrible treatment of Indigenous People where ever they went in the world. Christian barbarism throughout history dwarfs any actions now being committed by Muslim extremists and the whole Christian society was and to some degree still guilty of committing genocide.

    • Bruce Smith

      https://youtu.be/JvM4SJN76Yg I think this may explain it best. They still use these practices today. I hope it helps.

  • Shim

    I was told that Mississippi does not teach its state history to its school children. Of course that person had a historu of lies and racism. But if they were telling the truth in this instance, it is no wonder that Mississippi does not teach their history.

  • James Dunn

    I don’t know how a government or military injustice turns into a religious matter like the comments tend to lean. This act was obviously done by military and government both of which are not controlled by any religion. It is more of a collectivist versus individualist issue. Collectivist always defer to some kind of government authority to absolve themselves of responsibility. Individuals are punished if they do something the collectivist don’t sanction.

  • Jim Toffton
  • Jim Toffton
  • Lily Gee

    sometimes i am ashamed to be american

  • mike

    There was also Andersonville for union POW’s.

  • beaumontdave

    No history book? aren’t you exalted?!

  • Bravissimo.You wrote this article with passion so accurately, anyone with a pulse is jolted to outrage and compassion. Well done.

  • Sheisbrave

    I noticed the woman called the Union the “occupation”. I am sceptical.

  • skubidu

    Fuck this article just stirs the turds without any facts. It even says it’s conjecture. Westbrook is a suspect source of information. Look her up. She’s not exactly what anyone would call “an expert”. She’s a self-professed ghosthunter and Walmart floater. Come on.

    This was written and promoted so all of us will come to this website and they can make ad money. I’m blocking this fucking site from now on. It’s not even satire. It’s bullshit. So much fake news and bullshit. I hope the owners of this website get fucking ass cancer. Fucktards.

    • Steve Bigler

      total pot stirring hate mongering… perfect reading for the Jerry Springer crowd.

  • Cassandra J. Henry
  • christine

    People ask how could a Christian nation do this? I’m not religious, but I study history, religion, and know how words are so misinterpreted today. You really have to be a Joseph Campbell to wade through all the garbage that passes for religion, yet which is information that has been badly twisted by today’s religions. This world is really backwards when it comes to understanding history also. People get their history from the pews of churches…not the place to learn what went on in the past. “Christ” is not synonymous with Jesus. “Christ” was a title. It’s too bad that the Roman Catholic Church started all this about Christ and then in the fourth century added the name of “Jesus” to Christ. There were more than just a few Christs in the first century. Christ means anointed teacher. John the Baptist was called Christ also, as were others in the first and second centuries who were healers. Some were even politicians who were so enamored with themselves that they forced others to call them Christ.

  • GR Arnold

    Sad. Equally interesting is that I have never heard of this in spite of all the history I’ve read. We should never let this happen again ever.

  • Santiaga Marlin

    This site has a few interesting articles, but most of their offerings are like this one, conjecture. A few facts, twisted up with the fantasies of the writers, bent on gaining income over offering truth.

    Publishing this type of imagined “historic truth” does far more harm than good. No proof is offered, but if indeed tens of thousands of Americans died in this “concentration camp”, there would be more than ample evidence. It would be quite impossible to hide the bodies.

  • Lorraine Lomax

    Damn!!! White people are such a inhumane sadistic vile people and they still are. They’re just subtle with it….they’ve learned how to hide it…..

    • Gayle Jackson

      Yep, you should move to Africa where everyone is kind, and nothing bad like this supposed event ever happens.

    • Gary Smith

      If the story bothers you, just close your eyes. You know, like you do to black on black crime.

  • Marion1

    As a U.S. History major, this is completely conjecture and we have enough fake news and history fables without adding more. The photo on the post is an excavation and certainly not from that era and any archaeologist can scan the ground using radar to find out if it is. If it were, that would have been done by now. If it were erased from history, where did the photo come from? That can also easily be traced.

  • Gordon Klock

    I seem to remember once reading about Mozambique, & Tanzania, both had managed to build up their coastal cities on the Indian Ocean to handle large amounts of trade with the Mid East & Orient, only to have some unknown, & undeclared country, send a few cruisers & battleships that blew all their docks into flaming wreckage, (don’t know whether either country ever recovered), & (obviously) the world media was stone silent about it, this supposedly happened in the late 70’s to early 80’s…..

  • Little_Caesar

    This travesty of justice and human life would not have happened had the South been allowed to solve the slave issue on its own. This is but one unsufferable event in the War to Prevent Southern Secession. There are numerous accounts of Northern troops raping, pillaging and destroying to make life miserable and fatal for many in the South. The flag of slavery still flies over the capitol in Washington. “None are so hopelessly enslaved as those who think they are free.” Goth

    • The Civil War was not about slavery, it was about empire (and keeping it together).

  • Did this really happen? Hard to tell, would require an excavation of the site and independent researchers to examine any evidence.

    Recall it was not long ago that people believed that Custer’s last stand was a noble and glorious battle where soldiers fought to the bitter end. What researchers found was it was a massacre and soldiers were running for their lives.

  • MaatMachina

    I am suspicious of the new attention this place is getting. Is there a development going up

  • Carmen Screenwriter Smith

    Frankly, I don’t believe this Devil’s Punchbowl existed and I’m Black.